Running SimEng

SimEng uses a configuration file and a program binary to produce a cycle-accurate simulation of a modern processor. These options are passed to SimEng through the following command line arguments:

<simeng_install_directory>/bin/simeng <config file> <binary>

If no arguments are passed to SimEng, default options are used. The default configuration file is tuned to a ThunderX2 processor. The default program binary is defined in SimEng/src/include/simeng/CoreInstance.hh under the hex[] array which contains a set of raw instructions in a hexadecimal format.

Note

Paths to binaries must be in full, and not relative.

Whilst a configuration file can be specified without a program (will use default program), a specified program must be accompanied by a configuration file.

Simulation Output

For a successful simulation, SimEng’s output can be split into 4 parts;

Build Metadata
A summary of the build options set and general information about the SimEng framework built.
Workload Output
All outputs from the supplied workload under simulation.
Exit Clause
The reason why the simulation has halted. Most commonly this is due to the invoking of the exit() system call by the workload under simulation.
Statistics
A selection of simulation statistics describing the emergent simulated PMU-style hardware events.

All non-workload outputs from SimEng are prefixed with a tag of the format [SimEng:Object] (e.g. [SimEng:ExceptionHandler]). If the output came from the root of the framework, the Object field is omitted.

Configuration files

SimEng provides several configuration files that parameterise the simulated model. These can be found in <simeng_repository>/configs and more information about their content can be found here.

The following examples illustrate the use of both the ThunderX2 and A64FX configurations:

ThunderX2 processor
<simeng_install_directory>/bin/simeng <simeng_repository>/configs/tx2.yaml <binary>
A64FX processor
<simeng_install_directory>/bin/simeng <simeng_repository>/configs/a64fx.yaml <binary>